Books

Chevalier, J.M. and Buckles, D.J. (2013). Participatory action research: Theory and methods for engaged inquiry. 1st ed. New York: Routledge.

Manzini, E. (2015). Design, when everybody designs. London: MIT Press.

Perry-Kessaris, A. (2020). [Forthcoming]. Doing sociolegal research in design mode. Routledge.

Walters, M.A. (2014). Hate  Crime  and  Restorative  Justice:  Exploring  Causes, Repairing Harms. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Whine, M. (2016). National monitoring of hate crime in Europe: The case for a European Level Policy. In: Schweppe J. and Walters, M.A. eds. The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.213-223.

 

Journal Articles

Bergold, J, & Thomas, S. (2012). Participatory Research Methods: A Methodological Approach in Motion. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 13 (1).

Clayton, J., Donovan, C., and Macdonald, S. J. (2019). New directions in Hate Reporting Research: agency, heterogeneity and relationality. Sociological Research Online, 24 (2), pp. 185-202. Available from: <http://nrl.northumbria. ac.uk/35295/1/Donovan%20et%20al%20-%20New%20directions%20in%20 hate%20reporting%20research%20AAM.pdf>.

Godzisz, P. (2019). The Europeanization of anti-LGBT hate crime laws in the Western Balkans. Crime, Law and Social Change [Online], 71 (291). Available from: <https:// doi.org/10.1007/s10611-019-09818-9>.

Lunenburg, F. C. (2010). Managing change: the role of the change agent. International Journal of Management, Business and Administration [Online], 13 (1). Available from: <https://naaee.org/sites/default/files/lunenburg_fred_c._managing_ change_the_role_of_change_agent_ijmba_v13_n1_2010.pdf> [Accessed 17 October 2019].

Perry, J. (2015). A shared global perspective on hate crime? Criminal Justice Policy Review, 27 (6), pp.610-626.

Perry-Kessaris, A. (2017). The pop-up museum of legal objects project: an experiment in “sociolegal design”. Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 68 (2), pp. 225-44.

—— (2019). Legal Design for Practice, Activism, Policy, and Research. Journal of Law and Society, 46 (2), pp.185-210.

Perry, J. and Perry-Kessaris, A. (2019). Participatory and designerly strategies for sociolegal research impact: lessons from research aimed at making hate crime visible. Available from: <https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_ id=3387479>

Whine, M. (2019). Cooperation between criminal justice agencies and civil society in combating hate crime. Crime, Law and Social Change, 71 (3), pp.275-289.

 

Regional Legislation

The Council of the European Union (2008). Council Framework Decision 2008/913/ JHA on combating certain forms of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law. [Online]. Available from: <https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ TXT/?uri=LEGISSUM%3Al33178> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

European Parliament and The Council of the European Union (2012, 25 October). Directive 2012/29/EU on establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA. [Online]. Available from: < https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/ EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32012L0029> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

 

International Legislation

Agreement on inter-agency co-operation on addressing racist crimes in Greece (2018, 6 June). [Online]. Athens. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/ odihr/402260?download=true>. [Accessed 30 August 2019].

OSCE Ministerial Council (2004, 7 December). Decision No. 12/04 on combating intolerance and discrimination and promoting mutual respect and understanding. [Online]. Sofia: OSCE. p. 4. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/ mc/23133?download=true> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2005). Decision No. 10/05 on Tolerance and non-discrimination: promoting mutual  respect  and  understanding.  [Online]. Ljubljana: OSCE. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/mc/17462?download=true> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2006, 5 December). Decision No. 13/06 on combating intolerance and discrimination and promoting mutual respect and understanding. [Online]. Brussels: OSCE. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/mc/23114> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2007). Decision No. 10/07 on tolerance and non-discrimination: promoting mutual respect. [Online]. Available from: < https://www.osce.org/ mc/29452?download=true> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2009). Decision No. 9/09 on combating hate crimes. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/cio/40695?download=true> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2013, 6 December). Decision No. 4/13 on enhancing OSCE efforts to implement the action plan on improving the situation of Roma and Sinti within the OSCE area, with a particular focus on ROMA and Sinti women, youth and children. [Online]. Kyiv: OSCE. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/mc/109340?download=true> [Accessed 2 September 2019].

United Nations. (2002). Durban Declaration and Plan of Action, adopted at the World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Violence. New York: United Nations Department of Public Information. paragraph 74. Available from <https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/Durban_ text_en.pdf> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

United Nations General Assembly (1965). Resolution 2106 (XX): International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD). [Online]. A/RES/2142. New York: United Nations. Available from: <https://www.ohchr.org/ en/professionalinterest/pages/cerd.aspx> [Accessed 17 August 2019].

 

Case Law

ECtHR (2007, 31 May). Šečić v. Croatia (Judgement) No. 40116/02.

—— (2007, July 26). Angelova and Iliev v. Bulgaria (Judgement) No. 55523/00. —— (2010, 14 December). Milanović v. Serbia (Judgement) No. 44614/07.

—— (2012, 24 July). Dordevic v. Croatia (Judgement) No. 41526/10.

—— (2015, 12 May). Identoba and Others v. Georgia (Judgement) 73235/12.

 

Articles

CEJI (2012). Making hate crimes visible: guidelines for monitoring hate crimes and hate motivated incidents. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.facingfacts.eu/ wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2019/02/Guidelines-for-monitoring-of-hate-crimes-and-hate-motivated-incidents-PROTECTED.pdf> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

Chakraborti, N., Garland, J. and Hardy, S. (2014). The Leicester hate crime project findings and conclusions: full report. Leicester: University of Leicester.

Chakraborti, N. and Hardy, S. (2016, April). Healing the harms: identifying how best to support hate crime victims. Leicester: University of Leicester. Available from: <http://hertscommissioner.org/fluidcms/files/files/pdf/Victims-Commissioning/ Healing-the-Harms—Final-Report.pdf> [Accessed 3 September 2019].

Community Security Trust (2018). Antisemitic incidents report, 2018. [Online]. Available from: <https://cst.org.uk/data/file/2/9/Incidents%20Report%20 2018%20-%20web.1549538710.pdf> [Accessed 28 July 2019].

The Council of the European Union (2013, 5-6 December). Council conclusions on combating hate crime in the European Union. [Online]. p. 4. Available from: <https://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ jha/139949.pdf> [Accessed 18 August 2018].

—— (2015). EU Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy. Available from: <https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/documents-publications/publications/eu-action-plan-on-human-rights-democracy/> [Accessed 28 July, 2019].

EU High Level Group on combating racism, xenophobia and other forms of intolerance (2017, February). Hate Crime Training for Law Enforcement and criminal justice authorities: 10 Guiding Principles. Brussels: Directorate General for Justice and Consumers. Available from: <http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/document. cfm?doc_id=43050> [Accessed 28 July 2019]

—— (2017, November). Ensuring justice, protection and support for victims of hate crime and hate speech: 10 key guiding principles. [Online]. Available from: <https://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regexpert/index.cfm?do=groupDetail. groupDetailDoc&id=37188&no=1> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2018, November). Guidance note on the practical application of Council Framework Decision 2008/13/JHA on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law. [Online]. Available from: <https://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/just/document.cfm?doc_id=55607> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

European Commission (2012). Communication from The Commission to The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and The Committee of the Regions: The Roots of Democracy and Sustainable Development: Europe’s Engagement with Civil Society in External Relations. [Online]. Available from <https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri =COM:2012:0492:FIN:EN:PDF> [Accessed 14 October 2019].

—— (2014). Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the implementation of Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law. [Online]. Brussels: European Commission. Available from: <https:// publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/ea5a03d1-875e-11e3-9b7d-01aa75ed71a1> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2019, 18 March). A EU High Level Group on combating racism, xenophobia and other forms of intolerance. [Online]. Available from: <https://ec.europa.eu/ newsroom/just/item-detail.cfm?item_id=51025> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) (1996). ECRI general policy recommendation no1 on combating racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance. [Online]. Strasbourg: ECRI. Available from: <https://www.coe.int/en/ web/european-commission-against-racism-and-intolerance/recommendation-no.1> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (1998). ECRI general policy recommendation no4 on national surveys on the experience and perception of discrimination and racism from the point of view of potential victims. [Online]. Strasbourg: ECRI. Available from: < https://www.coe.int/ en/web/european-commission-against-racism-and-intolerance/recommendation-no.4> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2007). ECRI general policy recommendation no11 on combating racism and racial discrimination in policing. [Online]. Strasbourg: ECRI. Available from: <https://rm.coe.int/ecri-general-policy-recommendation-no-11-on-combating-racism-and-racia/16808b5adf> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) and Council of Europe (n.d.). ECRI: European Commission against Racism and Intolerance. [Online]. Available from: <https://rm.coe.int/ecri-european-commission-against-racism-and-intolerance-brochure/16808c6e42>.

—— (2018, March). Compilation of ECRI’s general policy recommendations. [Online]. Strasbourg: ECRI. Available from: <https://rm.coe.int/compilation-of-ecri-s-general-policy-recommendations-march-2018/16808b7945> [Accessed 21 February 2019].

European Network Against Racism (ENAR) (2019). Racist crime & institutional racism in Europe. [Online]. Shadow Report. Available from: <https://www.enar-eu.org/Justice-gap-racism-pervasive-in-criminal-justice-systems-across-Europe> [Accessed 16 October 2019].

European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) (2009). EU-MIDIS technical report I: methodology, sampling and fieldwork. [Online]. <https://fra.europa.eu/ sites/default/files/eu-midis_technical_report.pdf> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2014). EU LGBT survey European Union lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender survey: main results. [Online]. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Available from: <https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra-eu-lgbt-survey-main-results_tk3113640enc_1.pdf> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2016). Ensuring justice for hate crime victims: professional perspectives. [Online]. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Available from: <https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2016-justice-hate_ crime-victims_en.pdf> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2017a, 08 December). Improving the recording of hate crime by law enforcement authorities. [Online]. Available from: <https://fra.europa.eu/en/ news/2017/improving-recording-hate-crime-law-enforcement-authorities> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2017b). Second European Union minorities and discrimination survey: main results. [Online]. Available from: <https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_ uploads/fra-2017-eu-midis-ii-main-results_en.pdf > [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2018a). EU-MIDIS II: second European Union minorities and discrimination survey. [Online]. Available from: <https://ec.europa.eu/knowledge4policy/ dataset/ds00141_en> [Accessed 14 October 2019].

—— (2018b, January). Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU. [Online]. Available from <https://fra.europa.eu/ en/publication/2018/challenges-facing-civil-society-orgs-human-rights-eu> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2018c, June). Hate crime recording and data collection across the EU. [Online]. p. 101. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Available from: <https://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2018/hate-crime-recording> [Accessed 22 February 2019].

—— (2018d, December). Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism: second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU. [Online]. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Available from: <https://fra.europa. eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2018-experiences-and-perceptions-of-antisemitism-survey_en.pdf> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2018e, December). Unmasking bias motives in crimes: selected cases of the

European Court of Human Rights. [Online]. Vienna: FRA. Available from: <https:// fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2018-unmasking-bias-motives-paper_en.pdf> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2019e). Technical assistance to national law enforcement and criminal justice authorities. [Online]. Available from: <https://fra.europa.eu/en/theme/hate-crime/workshops-recording> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

HMICFRS (2014). Crime-recording: Making the Victim Count. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/publications/crime-recording-making-the-victim-count/> [Accessed 6 September 2019].

—— (2018). Understanding the Difference: The Initial Police Response to Hate Crime

Inspection Report. [Online]. London: HMICFRS. pp.48–49 Available from: <https:// www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/wp-content/uploads/understanding-the-difference-the-initial-police-response-to-hate-crime.pdf> [Accessed 7 August 2019]

Home Office (2019). Home Office Counting Rules for Recorded Crime. [Online]. Available from: <https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/ system/uploads/attachment_data/file/822471/count-general-jul-2019.pdf> [Accessed 16 October 2019].

International Lesbian and Gay Association-Europe (ILGA) (2008). Handbook on monitoring and reporting homophobic and transphobic incidents. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.ilgaeurope.org/sites/default/files/Attachments/ handbook_monitoring_reporting_homo-transphobic_crimes.pdf> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

Julier, G. and Kimbell, L. (2016). Co-producing social futures through design research. Brighton: University of Brighton.

Kees, S-J, Iganski, P. Kusche, R., Świider, M., Chahal, K. (2016). Hate crime victim support in Europe: a practical guide. [Online]. Dresden: RAA Sachsen E.V. – Counselling Services for Victims of Hate Crimes. Available from: <https://www. verband-brg.de/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/RAA_Saxony-Hate_Crime_Victim_ Support_in_Europe_2016_m.pdf> [Accessed 3 September 2019].

Office of the High Commissioner (OHCHR) (2019). Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD): Introduction. Available from: <https://www.ohchr. org/EN/HRBodies/CERD/Pages/CERDIntro.aspx> [Accessed 17 August 2019].

ODIHR Key Observations (n.d.). [Online]. Available from <http://hatecrime. osce.org/sites/default/files/documents/Website/Key%20Observations/ KeyObservations-20140417.pdf> [Accessed 7 August 2019]

OSCE/ODIHR Tolerance and Non-Discrimination Department (2018, 16 November). On International Day for Tolerance, OSCE/ODIHR Director urges states to renew efforts to counter hate-motivated crime as new hate crime data published. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/odihr/403199> [Accessed 2 September 2019].

—— (2019b). Our methodology. [Online]. Available from: <http://hatecrime.osce. org/what-do-we-know/our-methodology> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR) (2005, 15 September). Combating hate crimes in the OSCE region: an overview of statistics, legislation, and national initiatives. [Online]. Warsaw: OSCE/ODIHR. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/odihr/16405?download=true> [Accessed 14 October 2019].

—— (2009a). Hate crime laws, a practical guide. [Online]. Warsaw: ODIHR. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/odihr/36426> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2009b). Preventing and responding to hate crimes: a resource guide for NGOs in the OSCE region. [Online]. Warsaw: OSCE/ODIHR. Available from: < https://www. osce.org/odihr/39821?download=true> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2012, 4 October). Training against hate crimes for law enforcement (TAHCLE): programme description. [Online]. Available from <https://www.osce.org/odihr/ tahcle?download=true> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2014a, 29 September). Hate crime data collection and monitoring: a practical guide. [Online]. Warsaw: ODIHR. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/odihr/ datacollectionguide> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2014b, 29 September). Prosecutors and Hate Crimes Training (PAHCT): programme description. [Online]. Available from <https://www.osce.org/odihr/ pahct> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

—— (2018a, 29 August). Information Against Hate Crimes Toolkit (INFAHCT). Available from: <https://www.osce.org/odihr/INFAHCT?download=true> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2019a). Building a comprehensive criminal justice response to hate crime. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/projects/criminal-justice-response-hate-crime> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

Perry, J. (2019). Development of the international framework on the crime reporting, recording and data collection. Available from <https://www.facingfacts. eu/timeline-of-the-international-framework-on-hate-crime-reporting-recording-and-data-collection/> [Accessed 17 August 2019].

Racist Violence Recording Network (2019). Annual report 2018. [Online]. Available from: <http://rvrn.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/RVRN_report_2018en.pdf> [Accessed 5 September 2019].

Schweppe, J., Haynes A., and Walters, M. A. (2018). Life cycle of a hate crime: comparative report. ICCL: Dublin. Available from: <https://www.iccl.ie/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Life-Cycle-of-a-Hate-Crime-Comparative-Report-FINAL. pdf> [Accessed 23 February, 2019].

Tell MAMA (2017). Beyond the incident: outcomes for victims of anti-Muslim prejudice. Available from: <https://tellmamauk.org/tell-mamas-annual-report-for-2017-shows-highest-number-of-anti-muslim-incidents/> [Accessed 28 July 2019].

Trickett, L. and Hamilton, P. (2016). Hate crime training of police officers in Nottingham: a critical review. Nottingham: Nottingham Trent University. Available from: <http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28089/> [Accessed 22 May 2019].

True Vision (2019). What is Hate Crime? [Online]. Available from: <http://www.report-it.org.uk/what_is_hate_crime> [Accessed 3 September 2019].

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (2015, February). International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS). [Online]. Available from: <https://unstats.un.org/unsd/statcom/doc15/BG-ICCS-UNODC.pdf> [Accessed 16 October 2019].

—— (2019, 17 May). 28th Crime Commission to address crime motivated by intolerance or discrimination. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.unodc. org/unodc/en/frontpage/2019/May/28th-crime-commission-to-address-crime-motivated-by-intolerance-or-discrimination.html> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

Walters, M. A., Brown, R. and Wiedlitzka, S. (2016a). Preventing hate crime: emerging practices and recommendations for the effective management of criminal justice interventions. [Online]. Project Report. Sussex Crime Research Centre and The International Network for Hate Studies. Sussex, UK. Available from: <http:// sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/64925/1/Interventions%20for%20Hate%20Crime%20 -%20FINAL%20REPORT_2.pdf> [Accessed 7 August 2019].

—— (2016b). Causes and motivations of hate crime. Research Report. Equality and Human Rights Commission. Report number: 102.

Walters, M.A., Wiedlitzka, S., Owusu-Bempah, A. and Goodall, K. (2017). Hate crime and the legal process: options for law reform. [Online]. Final Report. University of Sussex. Available from: <https://www.sussex.ac.uk/webteam/gateway/file. php?name=final-report—hate-crime-and-the-legal-process.pdf&site=539> [Accessed 14 August 2019].

Working Group Against Hate Crime (GYEM) (2016, 18 November). List of indicators for more effective prosecution. [Online]. Available from: <http://gyuloletellen. hu/aktualitasok/indikatorlista-hatekonyabb-buntetoeljarasert> [Accessed 6 September 2019].

 

Websites and Databases

Amnesty International Hungary (2019). [Online]. Available from: <https://www.amnesty.hu> [Accessed 9 September 2019].

Central Statistics Office (2019). Statistics under reservations FAQs. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.cso.ie/en/methods/crime/statisticsunderreservationfaqs/> [Accessed 9 September 2019].

Council of Europe Portal (2019a). European Commission against Racism and intolerance (ECRI): country monitoring. [Online]. Available from: <https://www. coe.int/en/web/european-commission-against-racism-and-intolerance/country-monitoring> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2019b). European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) standards. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.coe.int/en/web/european-commission-against-racism-and-intolerance/ecri-standards> [Accessed 2 September 2019].

Eurostat (2018). Statistics explained: crime statistics. [Online]. Available from: <https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Crime_ statistics> [Accessed 16 October 2019].

European Commission (n.d.). Apply for grants. [Online]. Available from: <https:// ec.europa.eu/justice/grants1/open-calls/index-pp_en.htm> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) (2019a). Annual fundamental rights reports: past editions. [Online]. Available from: <https://fra.europa.eu/en/ publications-and-resources/publications/annual-reports> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2019b). Civil society and the Fundamental Rights Platform. [Online]. Available from: <https://fra.europa.eu/en/cooperation/civil-society> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2019c). Compendium of practices. [Online]. Available from: <https://fra. europa.eu/en/theme/hate-crime/compendium-practices?page=2> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2019d). Surveys. [Online]. Available from <https://fra.europa.eu/en/research/ surveys> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

Facilitation Center (2019). Facilitation store: sticky walls. [Online]. Available from: <http://www.facilitationcenter.com/sticky-walls.html> [Accessed 4 September 2019].

Facing Facts Online (2019). [Online]. Available from: <https://www.facingfactsonline.eu/> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

Háttér Társaság (2019). [Online]. Available from: <http://hatter.hu/> [Accessed 9 September 2019].

Hungarian Civil Liberties Union (TASZ) (2018). [Online] Available from: <https://tasz.hu/> [Accessed 9 September 2019].

Hungarian Helsinki Committee (2019). [Online] Available from: <https://www.helsinki.hu/#> [Accessed 9 September 2019].

OSCE/ODIHR Tolerance and Non-Discrimination Department (2019a). [Online]. Available from: <http://hatecrime.osce.org/> [Accessed 18 August 2019].

OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR) (2019b). Greece: project background documents. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.osce.org/odihr/402266> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

United Nations Human Rights Council (2019a). 3rd UPR cycle: contributions and participation of “other stakeholders” in the UPR. [Online]. Available from <https:// www.ohchr.org/en/hrbodies/upr/pages/ngosnhris.aspx> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2019b). UPR Sessions. [Online]. Available from: <https://www.ohchr.org/EN/ HRBodies/UPR/Pages/UPRSessions.aspx> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

—— (2019c). Universal Periodic Review. [Online]. Available from: <https://www. ohchr.org/en/hrbodies/upr/pages/uprmain.aspx> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

United Nations Human Rights Office of the Commissioner (2019). UN Treaty Body Database: concluding observations – advanced unedited. [Online]. Available from: <https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch. aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=6&DocTypeID=5> [Accessed 19 August 2019].

Working Group Against Hate Crime (GYEM) (2014a). Law enforcement problems in hate crime procedures: the experiences of the Working Group Against Hate Crime (GYEM). [Online]. Available from: <http://gyuloletellen.hu/sites/default/files/ejk_ casesummary.pdf> [Accessed 9 September 2019].

—— (2014b). Jogalkalmazási problémák a gyűlölet-bűncselekményekkel kapcsolatos eljárásokban A Gyűlölet-bűncselekmények Elleni Munkacsoport (GYEM) tapasztalatai. [Online]. Available from: <http://gyuloletellen.hu/sites/ default/files/ejk_esetosszefoglalo.pdf> [Accessed 9 September 2019].

—— (2019a). [Online]. Available from: <http://gyuloletellen.hu/about-us> [Accessed 9 September 2019].

—— (2019b). Cases. [Online]. Available from: <http://gyuloletellen.hu/esetek> [Accessed 9 September 2019].

 

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